Born Portland, Oregon 1901.
1922: B.S. Oregon State College.
1925: Ph.D. California Institute
Technology (Cal Tech).
1931: CalTech Professor of
1937: Chairman of Division of
& Chemical Engineering.
Although a pacifist, during
he developed explosives for the US National Defense Research Commission
- for which he was awarded The Presidential Medal For Merit.
1954: Awarded the Nobel Prize in
for research in the structure & forces of the molecule.
British Royal Society's Davy
Election to Soviet Academy of
Gandhi Peace Award
Yale, Princeton, Oxford,
Paris, Toulouse, Liege & other Universities.
During the 1950s his
the harmful effects of radioactive fallout led him to become the
American scientist in the
to increase awareness of the perils of atomic weapons & the
of an atomic war. His
to the United Nations against the testing of nuclear bombs was signed by
more than 11,000 of the world's
from 49 countries on both sides of the "Iron Curtain."
In 1960 when the US Senate
Security Sub-Committee accused him of "a consistent pro Soviet bias,"
he risked jail for contempt
Congress by refusing to reveal the names of the scientists who'd helped
gather signatures. Denying
oath that he'd ever been a Communist, he repeated his famous 1950
problem of an atomic war must not be confused by minor problems such as
Communism versus Capitalism.
His efforts contributed
to President Kennedy's decision, shortly before JFK's
to sign the 1963 Atmospheric
Weapons Test Ban Accord. That same year Dr. Pauling was notified
that he'd been awarded the 1962
Peace Prize - the second double Nobel Laureate since Madame
Marie Curie, the discoverer of
In his later years he researched
molecular nature of mental illness & the role of vitamin-C in
strengthening the immune
Dedicated to utilizing science in the service of humanity, &
as one of the leading
minds of the 20th Century, he passed away in 1994.
Some of these photos are in the CalTech &
University Pauling Archives
(c) 1999 Robert Carl Cohen
Although some of
photos were featured in the NY Times, Assoc. Press, etc. in the 1950s,
most have not been previously published. For reproduction rights
RADIMAGES NO MORE WAR